1,200 words total or 400 words per section; use level 1 and 2 headings to separa


1,200 words total or 400 words per section; use level 1 and 2 headings to separate sections;
TurnItIn score of 20% or less
Which influence tactics are more likely to be used by people wielding each type of organizational
power (legitimate, reward, coercive)? Which are more likely to be used by people wielding each
type of personal power (expert, referent)? Explain your reasoning.
To what extent does an effective leader need to be able to employ both soft and hard influence
tactics? Under what circumstances are soft tactics more likely to be effective? Under what
circumstances are hard tactics more likely to be effective?
To what extent are small, innovative start-ups more or less likely to be characterized by
organizational politics and political behavior than large, well-established multinationals? How does
the size of a company affect the extent of organizational politics?
Discuss the four types of organizational politics presented in this chapter. What are the positives
and negatives of each type? How as a manager could you offset or reduce the negative outcomes associated with each type?
Lecture summary on four types of organizational politics:
It is important to understand the four main types of organizational politics to navigate the political
landscape. These are the weeds, the rocks, the high ground, and the woods. The weeds describe a place where people engage in politics using personal influence and informal networks. When in the rocks, people in authority use hard power to enforce decisions. The high ground describes a type
of organizational politics where the rules, structures, and policy guidelines are set formally in place. Finally, organizations can get lost in the woods by focusing on the issues rather than the hidden,
unseen, underlying norms that could well be the key source of the problem.


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