Question 1 Social justice is best described as… a. the equal distribution of re


Question
1
Social
justice is best described as… a.
the
equal distribution of resources, opportunities, and engagement across
socioeconomic groups.
b.
differences
in the distribution of disease across socioeconomic groups.
c.
a
concentration of wealth among minority population groups.
d.
the
ability of an individual to decide what is best for themselves.
Question 2
The
Belmont Report was written in response to news reports detailing the Tuskegee
Syphilis Study. The report discusses three bioethical principles, which
are defined as a) individuals should be treated as autonomous; b) research
should be conducted on those who will most benefit from the findings; and c)
there is an obligation to maximize the possible benefits and minimize harms to
a patient. These are the principles of… a.
paternalism,
social justice, and equality, respectively.
b.
informed
consent, equitability, and non-malfeasance, respectively.
c.
communitarianism,
utilitarianism, and social justice, respectively.
d.
respect
for persons, justice, and beneficence, respectively.
Question 3 The nature
of public health is to improve measures of population health rather than
focus on individual health. One ethical principle used often in
public health is utilitarianism, which is the… a.
idea
that resources should be equal distributed in society.
b.
promotion
of the community over the individual.
c.
use
of a low impact intervention to help many at the expense of more intensive
interventions that help only a few.
d.
notion
that the government can regulate to protect individuals from themselves.
20
points Question 4 Although the
Tuskegee Syphilis Study is more widely known, the Guatemalan Syphilis
Study is arguably more ethically questionable because… a.
400
Black American men with syphilis went untreated for 40 years.
b.
they
were considered war crimes after World War II.
c.
they
predated the Tuskegee study by more than 40 years.
d.
prisoners,
military recruits, the mentally ill, and orphans were purposefully infected
with syphilis.
20
points Question 5 Paternalism
is the protection of a competent, reasonable adult from harming
themselves. It is often used in public health as a justification for
regulation, but because it impacts an individual’s right to choose,
paternalism is often controversial. Paternalistic regulations are
often considered constitutional though, such as in… a.
Jacobson
v. Massachusetts, which allowed bakers to work
more than 60 hours a week.
b.
Daubert
v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, which created standards for
scientific evidence.
c.
Gonzalez
v. Oregon, which describes when deference
is given to a public health agency.
d.
Benning
v. State, which upheld Vermont’s
motorcycle helmet law.


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