When Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated as President of the United States in


When Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated as President of the United States in March 1933 America was in the throes of the Great Depression. Banks across the country were either faltering or closed, unemployment was at 25%, and farms were foreclosing at record rates. Roosevelt’s predecessor in the White House, Herbert Hoover, failed to engage the federal government in providing relief to the needy, a result of his basic economic philosophy. The new President took a different approach to providing assistance to needy Americans – Roosevelt was willing to use the federal government to provide relief. His program, which he called the New Deal, included the creation of numerous federal agencies to provide that relief at the cost of billions of dollars.
One of the frequently discussed aspects of the New Deal is its relative success. President Roosevelt created many, many agencies and spent billions of dollars providing relief and putting Americans to work. But were those agencies successful? Was Roosevelt’s economic program successful?
Read and review chapter 26 in your Open Stax textbook and reflect on the relative success of the New Deal (Tables 26-1 and 26-2 list some of the New Deal agencies and their work). Consider the following questions/factors when recording your thoughts:
How do you define “success”?
What were the most pressing economic problems in March 1933?
Did the New Deal adequately address the problems of the Great Depression?
Did the New Deal provide relief, recovery, and reform?
Did the New Deal help and/or solve the unemployment, banking, farmers’ problems?
Did the New Deal address and/or fix the country’s underlying economic flaws?
Were specific agencies and/or programs successful?
Why was the New Deal successful?
Why was the New Deal not successful?
1). Evaluating the Success of the New Deal
Use the questions above in Option 1 to dig into the details of what the New Deal was and wasn’t able to accomplish. How well did Roosevelt’s plan work? Where did it fall short? What would you have advocated for? Write a couple of paragraphs (150-200 words) answering these questions.


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