Worksheet Assignment Instructions: Ratification of Constitution Post-Revolutiona


Worksheet Assignment Instructions: Ratification of Constitution
Post-Revolutionary War America – Ratification of the Constitution.docx
Ratification of the Constitution Worksheet:
For this assignment, you will be analyzing a number of primary source documents, as well as drawing some background information from the Robert Smith article, “Foreign Affairs and the Ratification of the US Constitution in Massachusetts,” and from the McGerr, Of the People textbook. While many prominent anti-Federalists expressed their opposition to the Constitution openly, most who wrote against the document employed pseudonyms. There was a long tradition of doing so because arguments rather than personalities were supposed to sway the public. The best-known anti-Federalists wrote a series of letters under pseudonyms like “Brutus,” “Cato,” “Centinel,” and “Federal Farmer.” Each represented a different perspective. We are perhaps most familiar with the Federalist Papers which represented the views of those in favor of the Constitution. The 85 essays appeared in one or more of the following four New York newspapers: 1) The New York Journal, edited by Thomas Greenleaf, 2) Independent Journal, edited by John McLean, 3) New York Advertiser, edited by Samuel and John Loudon, and 4) Daily Advertiser, edited by Francis Childs. Initially, they were intended to be a 20-essay response to the anti-Federalist attacks on the Constitution that were flooding the New York newspapers right after the Constitution had been signed in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787. The number of essays in The Federalist Papers was extended in response to the relentless, and effective, anti-Federalist criticism of the proposed Constitution. The Federalist Papers were written by John Jay, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton. There were many other individuals who wrote in favor of ratification, and we usually do not hear about them at all. It is from some of those latter mentioned individuals that we will be using in this assignment. As a guide for this assignment, linked above is a Docx form that will enable you to do some thinking about the identity, the names, and occupations and reasons why these groups would be in favor or opposed to ratifying the Constitution. You are not turning in that worksheet.
Your assignment will address the following question:
What are the arguments in favor of and against ratifying the Constitution? What factors (such as education, occupation, rural v. urban living) played a role in the differences of opinion about the Constitution? Format of the Assignment.
The original post should be 27-30 sentences total. This is not an essay, so an introduction or a conclusion is not necessary.
Examples must be drawn from at least four documents, two from those in favor of the Constitution, and two from those who were opposed to ratifying the Constitution, the Robert Smith article, and the McGerr text. No other sources can be used for this assignment.
Watch grammar and spelling.
Do not use quotes of more than two lines of text.
Do not use more than one quote per paragraph.
Make sure that you follow the citation guidelines found below.
Watch grammar and spelling.
Each assignment should have a 1″ margin, be left-justified, in 12 point Times New Roman font, and double spaced.
Pointers:
Remember that this is not an essay, so an introduction and conclusion is not needed. The best way to organize the assignment is in two paragraphs, one which addresses the first question and the other that addresses the second question. I am not asking for a quote from each article or document, but for you to be able to summarize and paraphrasefrom those sources and to limit the use of a quote to one per paragraph. Using paraphrase and summary is the best way to explain things without using quotes. So, you can still mention the same kinds of examples, just using your own words instead to explain those ideas.
For instance, if one was going to talk about a document like George Washington’s speech from 1794, one could mention that he spoke at length on the need for a standing militia to be able to address issues like the rebellion in Western Pennsylvania, which speaks to a key point he made in the speech without using a direct quote (par. 9, 10). That could be followed by another point that Washington expressed concern about the safety of tax collectors who had to leave their homes in fear for their lives because of rebel actions in Western Pennsylvania (par. 4). Finally, that third key point could use a quote that says that Washington ordered troops to Western Pennsylvania to restore order and to “persevere in their affectionate vigilance over that precious depository of American happiness, the constitution of the United States.” (par. 15).
How to provide proper citation: When you are writing an assignment and using specific examples from the sources you must introduce and identify the source you are using, provide the summarized, or paraphrased or quoted material and then provide the page number from where that material is drawn at the end of the sentence in which it appears. Remember that for the first mention of a source, you must use the author’s full name. Points will be deducted for not following these citation requirements.
For this assignment proper citation would be something like this: According to Nathaniel Bacon,…. (par. 4) According to Michael McGerr, Bacon’s Rebellion resulted from …… (p. 97).
Constructing your examples this way ensures that the reader knows that it is a specific example and knows exactly from where that material is drawn. Points will be deducted for not properly citing your paraphrased, quoted, or summarized material.
Limit use of quoted material in your essay. No long quotations, which are more than two lines. I am interested in what you are able to get out of the material and not that you can drop a quote into a paragraph. One short quote per paragraph is more than enough. Paragraphs that string together a series of quotes are not acceptable. If you are using multiple examples from different sources in your paragraph, you will need to choose your quotes carefully and paraphrase other material. Each assignment should have a 1″ margin, be left-justified, in 12 point Times New Roman font, and double spaced.


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